Report: robots will replace the employment of 800million people by 2030. According to the latest report released by McKinsey consulting company on the 29th, up to 800million jobs in the world will be replaced by automated robots by 2030, equivalent to one fifth of today's global labor force. Even if the rise of robots is not as fast as it is easy to operate, it is conservatively estimated that 400million people may still find new jobs due to automation in the next 13 years
in this report entitled "what future jobs mean to employment, skills and wages", McKinsey believes that at least 375million people in the world urgently need to change jobs and learn new skills in the current era of widespread automation, and developed and emerging countries will be affected, but the impact is different. The report covers 46 countries and more than 800 occupations around the world
these occupations are the easiest to replace.
McKinsey's report believes that when automation is rapidly popularized in the workplace, machine operators, fast-food restaurant employees and logistics personnel will be most seriously affected. These three occupations will be most easily replaced by robots. In addition, mortgage brokers, paralegals, accountants and clerks are also vulnerable to automation
previously, McKinsey also mentioned in the relevant report that the next area to be invaded by new automation technologies will be banks. About one-third of the ordinary staff in the bank will lose their current jobs. This transformation will not take too long and will be completed in a few years
in fact, automation has been continuously developed in terms of intelligence and automation performance, and has become more popular in the banking system. For example, using machine learning algorithms to process large amounts of data can help traders predict trends; Natural semantic processing can be applied to legal and compliance tasks, transforming records, emails and recordings into structured data; Intelligent process tools such as file scanning and automatic data recognition can speed up the process of new customer registration
so, is there any profession that can survive the wave of automation? The answer given in the McKinsey report is that those occupations that require interpersonal interaction, such as doctors, lawyers, teachers, bartenders, are not vulnerable to automation. Moreover, those positions with low salaries are not easy to be replaced by robots
in terms of countries, in view of the Limited R & D funds that less developed countries can invest in the field of automation, they are less affected by the wave of automation, and their jobs are not easy to be eroded by technology. Taking India as an example, the report believes that only 9% of jobs in India will be replaced by robots by 2030. Of course, McKinsey pointed out that this is due to the development degree of the automation industry in India, and at the same time, because of India's population size, its labor price is extremely competitive
of course, not all workers in developed countries can rest easy. The report points out that even in Germany and the United States, one third of workers need to find suitable jobs under the general trend of automation
in developed countries, the report believes that the demand for university education will grow day by day. Therefore, the types of work that do not require high academic qualifications will shrink sharply in the future. Taking the United States as an example, the report points out that by 2030, more than 20 million workers need to change careers. Similarly, in the UK, nearly 20% of jobs will disappear by 2030
the old will not go, and the new will not come.
there will be jobs disappear, and new jobs will also be created
in McKinsey's view, being replaced by robots does not mean a lot of unemployment, because new jobs will be created, and people should improve their work skills to cope with the upcoming era of great changes in employment. Michael Chui, partner of McKinsey Global Research Institute, said in a media interview on this report: as time goes by, we must change ourselves and master new skills under the general trend of automation
according to the report, in addition to the current trend of automation, aging is also a global phenomenon that cannot be ignored. Business leaders such as Bill Gates, the former president of Microsoft, and Andrew Anagnost, the chief executive of Autodesk, recently said that the aging population may lead to more nursing jobs. This statement coincides with McKinsey's analysis
in addition, changes in income and consumption levels, as well as the development and application of technology, will stimulate the increase of new jobs. Among them, McKinsey predicts that global consumption will increase by $23 trillion between 2015 and 2030, most of which will come from the consumer class in emerging economies. The increase in the income of the consumer industry alone is expected to create 250million to 280million jobs. In the 0-year period from 2015 to 203, when the experimental machine market became more and more chaotic, the expenditure related to science and technology is expected to increase by more than 50%, so the demand for work related to technology development is also expected to increase, half of which are positions related to information technology services. McKinsey predicts that this trend will create 20million to 50million jobs worldwide by 2030